Patricia Hofer

God’s being is “above all, through all, and in all”

“One God and Father of us all, who is above all and through all and in all” (Eph.4:6). One must use a bodily image for this. The sun by its position is “above all things” which are on the earth; by its rays it can be said to shine “through all”; but when the power of its light has pierced into every depth it is said to be “in all.” In this way, then, it seems to us that according to the spiritual understanding, preeminence is indicated by the “above all,” sufficiency for everyone in the “through all,” and the coming of the power of God in the “in all.” The result is that no one is found to be empty because of God’s being “in all.” (Origen: Spirit and Fire, p. 366).

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